Lord Brahma performed a yajna(Vedic ritual of fire sacrifice) to please Shakti and Shiva. Goddess Shakti emerged, separating from Shiva and helped Brahma in the creation of the universe. Brahma decided to give Shakti back to Shiva. Therefore, his son Daksha performed several yagnas to obtain Shakti as his daughter in the form of Sati. It was then decided that Sati was brought into this world with the motive of getting married to Shiva.
However, due to Lord Shiva’s curse to Brahma that his fifth head was cut off due to his lie in front of Shiva, Daksha started hating Lord Shiva and decided not to let Lord Shiva and Sati get married. However, Sati got attracted to Shiva and finally one day Shiva and Sati got married. This marriage only increased Daksha’s hatred towards Lord Shiva.
Daksha performed a yagna with a desire to take revenge on Lord Shiva near Munimandala present Muramalla Andhra Pradesh. Daksha invited all the deities to the yajna except Lord Shiva and Sati. The fact that she was not invited did not deter Sati from attending the yagna. She expressed her desire to attend the yagna to Shiva, who tried his best to dissuade her from going. Shiva eventually relented and Sati went to the yagna. Sati, being an uninvited guest, was not given any respect at the yagna. Furthermore, Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati was unable to bear her father’s insults toward her husband, so she immolated herself.
Enraged at the insult and the injury, Shiva in Virabhadra avatar destroyed Daksha’s yagna, cut off Daksha’s head, and later replaced it with that of a male goat as he restored him to life.Virabhadra didn’t stop fighting he kept raging with anger. Gods prayed lord Vishnu. He came there and started fighting him. Still immersed in grief, Shiva picked up the remains of Sati’s body, and performed the Tandava, the celestial dance of destruction, across all creation. The other Gods requested Vishnu to intervene to stop this destruction, towards which Vishnu used the Sudarshana Chakra, which cut through the Sati’s corpse. The various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed sites which are known as Shakti Peethas today.
Everyone knows about the famous Shakti Peetha in India where Lord Shiva’s first wife, Sati’s body parts fell after her death. But they didn’t fell only in India; there are several other Shakti Peetha that are located in other countries as well. So let us know about them too!
Hinglaj Shakti Peeth – Pakistan
Brahmarandhra of Sati fell in lyari Tahasil in Baluchistan province of Pakistan which is 125 km away from north-east of Karachi, Pakistan. This temple is located in small natural Cave, where she is worshiped in a small round piece of stone, smeared with sindoor (vermilion).
Shivaharkaray Shakti Peeth – Pakistan
Here the incarnation of Adhya Shakti, who killed the Dion Mahishasur, is worshiped.It’s located near Parkai railway station, near Karachi, in Pakistan. As per Hindu mythology, the eyes of the Sati fell here. The Goddess is worshiped as “Mahisha-Mardhini and Krodish” (symbolizing the angry figure of lord Shiva) as Vairabh.
Sugandha Shakti Peeth – Bangladesh
Shakti or Devi Sugandha also consider as Ekjata, situated in Shikarpur, which is 20 km north from district Barisal in Bangladesh. The nose of Sati had fallen and here she is in the form of “Sunanda or Devi Tara or Ekjata and Tryambak” appears as airabh. This temple is famous for the festival in Shiv Ratri or Shiv Chaturdasi mela.
Guhyeshwari Shakti Peetha – Nepal
This temple of Adhya Shakti is located near to Pashupatinath Mandir in Kathmandu, Nepal. Guhyeshwari lies about 1 km east of Pasupanath temple. Here, the knees of Sati had fallen, she is in the form of Devi Mahashira and Kapali appears as Vairabh. This temple lies on the bank of Baghmati River, near to Pashupatinath temple, entry is banned to all except Hindus.
Dakshayani Shakti Peeth – Tibet (China)
This Shakti Peeth is in the form of a stone slab near Kailash Mountain, Mansarovar in Tibet. Here, the right hand of Sati had fallen, she is in the form of Devi Dakshayani (who destroyed Daksha Yajna) and Amar appears as Vairabh.
Gandaki Chandi Shakti Peeth – Nepal
This Shakti Peeth is in Muktinath, in Nepal, near the bank of river Gandaki. Here, the right cheek of Sati had fallen, she is in the form of Devi Gandaki-Chandi and Chakrapani appears as Vairabh. The importance of this holy place is also described in Vishnu Puran and This place Muktinath is a sacred place both for Hindus and Buddhists and highly consider for Mukti or salvation.
Bhawani Shakti Peeth – Bangladesh
This Shakti Peeth is famous as Sitakunda Chandranath; this Peetha is on the top of Chandra-Nath Hills, Near Sitakunda Station, Chittagong, in Bangladesh. Here, right arm of Sati had fallen, she is in the form of Devi Bhawani and Chandrashekar appears as Vairabh.
Jayanti Shakti Peeth – Bangladesh
Left thigh of Sati fell in Kalajore, Bourbhag village, Near Jaintia-pur, Sylhet District, in Bangladesh. She is worshiped in the form of Jayanti Shakti and Kramadeeshwar &appears as Vairabh.
Sravani Shakti Peeth – Bangladesh
This Shakti Peeth is in Kumari Kunda, Chittagong District, in Bangladesh. Here, the spine of Sati had fallen; she is in the form of Devi Sravani and Nimish as Vairabh.
Mahalakshmi Shakti Peeth – Bangladesh
On Sri-Shail of Jaunpur Village, 3 km north-east of Sylhet town in Bangladesh, the neck of Sati had fallen. Here she is in the form of Goddess Maha-Lakshmi and Shambaraanand appears as Vairabh.
Aparna Shakti Peeth – Bangladesh
This Shakti Peeth is in Bhavani-Pur village of Sherpur, Bagura district in Bangladesh. Here, the Left Anklet of Sati had fallen, she is in the form of Devi Aparna and Vaaman appears as Vairabh.
Yogeswari Shakti Peeth – Bangladesh
This Shakti Peeth is dedicated to Kali and in Iswaripur village, Jashore, Khulna Dist. in Bangladesh in the name of Jeshoreswari. Maharaja Pratapaditya found this shakti Peetha and worship Kali in this place. Here, feet and Hands of Sati had fallen, she is in the form of Devi Yogeshwari Shakti and Chanda appears as Vairabh.